Who invented air conditioning?
A 25-year-old experimental engineer, created a primitive cooling system to reduce humidity around the printer. What are your reasons, and why? Willis Carriers answer was short and was widely praised as a genius inventor who invented modern air conditioning units in 1890.
Nonetheless the idea of cooling muggy space with vaporized water has long preceded Carrier’s 1902 invention. World Refrigeration Day 2019 A day dedicated to the celebration of all things refrigeration, air conditioning, and heat pumps. If you haven’t heard of it yet then don’t worry – we have all the information you need right here.
The first known system that uses water to cool the indoor space was built by the ancient Egyptians, who lower the temperatures of their homes by hanging wet mats on doorway. The evaporated water on the wet mat reduced the ambient temperature and provided fresh air into dry deserts.
It wasn’t long after the Egyptians fought the heat by laying down floor mats for door openings and the Romans invented the primitive air conditioning system by using their famous aqueducts to flow water into the house, and a method to drastically reduce the air temperatures inside the cramp
The breakthrough system increased the reliability and lowered the cost of large-scale air conditioners, greatly expanding their use throughout the country.
In a world where business is conducted in sealed office buildings, and air conditioners are becoming increasingly common globally, Basile believes chances of a widespread cutback on the use of air conditioning are slim. “From this experiment one may see the possibility of freezing a man to death on a warm summer’s day.
Modern Air Conditioner
The Invention of Portable AC Units Although Willis Carrier is largely credited with inventing the modern air conditioner, Frederick Jones, an African-American, invented the first portable air conditioning unit.
As TIME explained in a 2010 brief history of air conditioning, it took years for the technology to become widespread: Advances in technology eventually yielded the more convenient window air conditioner in the late 1930s, though it remained out of reach for most.
Carrier Air Conditioning Company
Carrier’s system sent air through coils filled with cold water, cooling the air while at the same time removing moisture to control room humidity. Today, some 80% of American households have air conditioners, mostly central systems, according to the Energy Information Administration. Air conditioning has grown from a luxury to a necessity and contributed in many ways to the quality of life in America and the industrialized world.
In 1933, the Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America developed an air conditioner using a belt-driven condensing unit and associated blower, mechanical controls, and evaporator coil, and this device became the model in the growing U.S.
Air Conditioning Systems
This may also be combined with seasonal thermal energy storage .  Heating Edit Main article: Heat pump Some air conditioning systems have the option to reverse the refrigeration cycle and act as air source heat pump , therefore producing heating instead of cooling in the indoor environment.
As the air cooled, moisture in the air increased, therefore the humidity, along with the temperature could be controlled.
Central Air Conditioning
Today, household is more likely to have central air conditioning or a window unit than it is to have a dining room, garage or even a dishwasher.
The units hit the market in 1932 but are not widely purchased due to high cost. Also in 1931, Frigidaire begins marketing year-round, central air conditioning systems for homes. Loading 1947 Low-cost air conditioners become widely available Engineer Henry Galson develops compact, inexpensive window air conditioners and sets up production lines for several manufacturers.
“Minimum efficiency standards for a/c systems have progressively increased, particularly in the last five years, requiring manufacturers to optimize systems to reduce energy consumption,” says Dennis Thoren, vice president of engineering and technology at Ingersoll Rand, Davidson, NC, which markets the popular Trane line of air conditioners.
Carrier was left with the task to improve the manufacturing process in a printing plant that suffered from excessive humidity, which wreaked havoc on the inks used to print.
These comfort units that homeowners activate with the ease of flipping a switch are complex electromechanical systems, the end products of nearly a century of engineering development in cooling, thermodynamics, controls, and energy efficiency.
Borrowing from the concepts of mechanical refrigeration established in earlier years, Carrier’s system sent air through coils filled with cold water, cooling the air while at the same time removing moisture to control room humidity. In 1933, the Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America developed an air conditioner using a belt-driven condensing unit the excess humidity would then condense on the coils and produce cooled air.
the Romans developed a primitive air conditioning system by utilizing their famous aqueducts to circulate fresh water through indoor pipes, a method that significantly reduced the air temperature inside stuffy villas. Cool experiments Of course, it wasn’t until long after the Romans had their time in the sun that the principles of modern air conditioning were developed.
Modern air conditioning
By 1922, Carrier had created the safer, smaller and more powerful Centrifugal Refrigeration Compressor, the precursor to modern air conditioning. At the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History, one of the first practical centrifugal refrigeration compressor’s dating to 1922 is held in historic recognition of Carrier’s feat.
In addition to the obvious benefits and enjoyments of comfort cooling, the air conditioner altered architectural design, allowing windowless office buildings and houses without porches.
Though people have attempted to outsmart the weather for centuries, the mechanical air conditioner did not arrive in the U.S. until Carrier invented it in 1902. This Florida resident was sick of its grueling heat and wanted to discover a way to offer relief. He experimented with artificial cooling and even developed a machine that creates ice. However, the transportation of ice was a question he couldn’t quite answer before his (and his investors’) death.
It wasn’t long before Carrier realized that humidity control and air conditioning could benefit many other industries, and he eventually broke off from Buffalo Forge, forming Carrier Engineering Corporation with six other engineers.
The Father of Air Conditioning” Willis H Carrier, who from 1902 to 1915 was Chief Engineer of the Buffalo Forge Company, subsequently acquired by Howden in 1993, invented the first electrical air conditioning unit in 1902.